Dark spots on the face are scene stealers. Yes, they can be concealed with makeup every day, but sometimes we just want to give our face a breather. Going barefaced is not a welcome idea for some. Not especially if your face is peppered with tiny brown spots or spread with clusters of bluish-grey skin discolouration. Having these flaws on your face is bad enough, having people stare at them (or mention them!) is even worse.
If you are suffering from a certain kind of hyperpigmentation, you are not alone. This skin disorder affects men, women, and children at some point in their life. But it also does not mean that you should contend with it for the rest of your life!
Hyperpigmentation can be rid of and this article enumerates some of the best solutions just for you. Dr David Ng from One Face Skin & Aesthetics Clinic has a very long and detailed post about post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and pigmentation removal treatments.
Chemical peels are composed of acids at stronger concentrations. They work to shed off the surface of the skin that is affected by hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels may be done at home using OTC creams, but the results of which may take longer to show. For quicker and more effective outcomes, go for chemical peels that are administered by licensed dermatologists. Chemical peels are recommended for skin tones that are fair.
Best used for: Age or sunspots, melasma
Dermabrasion is a method done to exfoliate the skin on the face with the use of a rotating instrument. Works well with fairer skin tone. Not advisable for people with medium skin tone.
Best used for Age and sunspots, freckles, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by acne, inflammation, or injury
Face acids are active ingredients that comprise most skincare products these days. These kinds of acids are mixed at right concentrations making them safe for application to the skin. When used on pigmentations on the face, acids work by exfoliating the darkened surface of the skin and enabling new skin cells to grow. They are recommended for fair skin tones with mild hyperpigmentation.
- Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid is derived from grains like barley, wheat, and rye. This acid has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that hinder the increase of hyperpigmentation on the skin.
Best used for Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation caused by acne.
- Kojic Acid
Kojic acid is derived from a bacteria used in rice fermentation to produce sake (Japanese rice wine). When applied to pigmentation, Kojic Acid prevents tyrosine, an amino acid that is responsible for producing melanin, to generate. This acid can be an irritant to sensitive skin, so it is important to do a skin test first before using a product completely. It is not recommended for people with allergic dermatitis.
Best used for: Age or sunspots, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by inflammation or injury to the skin.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C has gained popularity over recent years. More and more skincare products are including this antioxidant into their mix. Vitamin C has properties that obstruct the production of melanin.
Best used for Age and sunspots, melasma
Hydroquinone is a skin-bleaching agent that works to lighten the skin by reducing the melanocytes present in the skin. Melanocytes are responsible for producing melanin, which causes pigmentation flaws on the skin. Hydroquinone is not recommended for medium to dark skin tone.
Best used for: Age spots, freckles, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIF) caused by acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
INTENSE PULSE LIGHT THERAPY (IPL)
Intense pulse light, or IPL, works like a laser device. The difference between an IPL and a laser is that the former emits energy-charged light multiple times in various wavelengths. Lasers are much focused and release only one wavelength of light to the skin. IPL treats pigmentation on the face by releasing light energy that is soaked up by the pigments. This intense heat breaks the pigments own, therefore clearing the skin of discolouration. IPL is not recommended for people with dark skin tone.
Best used for All pigmentation disorders
Lasers are powerful tools that emit energy-charged light beams. When used on to treat pigmentation, the laser beams shatter the excess pigments into a powder-like consistency. The broken-down pigments are then processed naturally by the body and eliminated as waste.
Best used for Age and sunspots, freckles, Hori’s Naevus, melasma
Microdermabrasion is done with the use of a handheld device with a tip made of a wire brush or any abrasive material. The tip of the device is gently swiped on the skin in a fast manner to get rid of the epidermis. This treatment is recommended for people with fair skin.
Best used for: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by acne
Retinoids are drawn from Vitamin A. This is also one of the most used active ingredients in skincare products. They work by penetrating deep into the layers of the skin to level out the colour of an uneven skin tone. Retinoids are safe for use of all skin tones. Darker skin tones may have some risks if retinoids are used for an extended amount of time.
Best for: Sunspots, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)